A sudden increase in heat is called a heat wave. These waves soar to unprecedented levels sometimes (remember India?) and can cause fatalities. There are also many heat related illnesses. If you know how you can treat them and how to prevent them, you will be able to stay safe and keep your family and friends safe too. Here are some of the most common heat related illnesses and how to treat them as well as how you can avoid them.
You can easily recognize heat cramps by the characteristic spasms and muscle pains that the patient will complain of in their abdomen and the legs or one of the sites. These cramps is a bit of a warning given out by the body to say that the person is not able to handle the temperature change correctly. One good way to prevent heat strokes is to have access to air conditioning or if that is not possible fans and lots of water around to dampen and cool the immediate surroundings. If the person seems to be displaying symptoms get them to a cooler area and to a comfy position. You can stretch the painful areas of the body and massage it gently to relive the cramping. Electrolyte fluid like a sports drink, milk or fruit juice can also help a lot and so can water. Make sure that you do not give them any salt tablets.
This condition is quite severe when compared to heat cramps. If a person in your family has been diagnosed with this condition before and you still do not have the necessary cooling apparatus installed in your home, get the help of a commercial electrician to install one for you before the next wave. The condition also affects athletes, construction workers, fire fighters and factory employees. Anybody who wears hot and heavy attire in a humid surrounding can be at risk for this. Cool, flushed, grey or pale skin along with nausea, headache, drowsiness, fatigue and weakness are all signs of this condition. What you need to do in the case of emergency is to take the affected person to a cold area with enough ventilation. Remove as much clothing as possible and give the person a sponge bath or just lay out wet towels on their skin. Administer fluids and electrolyte drinks to the individual and you can also fan them or spray water on them at regular intervals. They need to take in at least four ounces of liquid every fifteen minutes. Go here http://www.turnerelectrical.com.au/split_system_install.html for more information about split system installation
This condition can be potentially fatal. The body begins to shut down because it cannot function correctly with the heat that is around. Dry or moist red coloured skin, a very high body temperature, lack of consciousness, a very fast or very weak pulse and shortness of breath, nausea, vomiting and seizures as well as disorientation are symptoms. Cool the person’s body with sponges and wet towels or you can cover them with ice bags. Get them to an emergency room as soon as possible.